guide.php Английская грамматика | Предлоги места

Предлоги места: in, at, on

Мы используем in в следующих случаях:

  • Когда кто-нибудь или что-нибудь окружено или помещено во что-то:
  • in a room     in a building     in a box
  • Когда кто-нибудь или что-нибудь находится на какой-то территории:
  • in a country     in the city centre     in a garden
  • Когда кто-нибудь или что-нибудь окружено некой субстанцией:
  • in a fresh air     in the sea     in the pool
  • Некоторые примеры:
  • There's no-one in the room.
  • When we were in Spain, we spent a few days in Malaga.
  • I have a friend who lives in a small village in the mountains.
  • I used to live in Moscow, but now I live in Spain.
  • It's so healthy to sleep in a fresh air.
  • Мы также говорим:
  • in a line    in a row    in a queue   in bed    in the sky    in the world    in the countryside
  • in an office    in a department    in a picture    in a book    in a newspaper    in a letter
  • Например:
  • Lora isn't up yet. She's still in bed.
  • It was a sunny day. There was not a cloud in the sky.
  • When I go to the concert, I like to sit in the front row.
  • Мы говорим in the front, in the back (of a car). И мы также говорим in the corner (of a room).
  • I was sitting in the back of the car when we crashed.
  • The computer is in the corner of the room.
  • Также можно сказать, что кто-то in hospital, in prison, in jail.
  • His father is in hospital.

Мы используем at для определенного местоположения:

  • at the door     at reception     at the roundabout
  • Вот некоторые примеры:
  • Turn left at the traffic lights.
  • Do you know that man standing at the window?
  • We met each other at a friend's house.
  • When you leave the hotel, please leave your key at reception.
  • Мы также говорим:
  • at the top (of)      at the bottom (of)      at the end (of)
  • Write your name at the top of the page.
  • Jane's house is at the other end of the street.
  • Мы говорим at the corner или on the corner of a street:
  • He was standing at the corner of the street. или He was standing on the corner of the street.
  • Также at the front, at the back of a building, group of people и т.д.:
  • The garden is at the back of the house.
  • Let's sit at the front.
  • We were at the back, so we couldn't see very well.
  • Также можно сказать, что кто-то at home, at work, at school, at college, at university:
  • Vera is studying chemistry at university.
  • I'll be at work until 5.30, but I'll be at home all evening.
  • Мы говорим at sea в смысле путешествия:
  • It was a long voyage. We were at sea for 30 days.
  • Мы употребляем at чтобы сказать, что кто-то на каком-то мероприятии: at a party, at a conference и т.д.
  • Were there many people at the wedding?
  • 1 saw Peter at a concert on Saturday.

Мы используем on в следующих случаях:

  • Когда кто-нибудь или что-нибудь расположено на поверхности:
  • on the roof     on the table     on the grass
  • Чтобы показать местоположение:
  • on her nose     on a page     on an island
  • Например:
  • The picture is hanging on the wall.
  • There's a dirty mark on the ceiling.
  • We were on a small island in the middle of the lake.
  • You'll find what you are looking for on page seven of the book.
  • Мы также говорим:
  • on the left   on the right   on the left-hand side   on the right-hand side   on a farm
  • on the ground floor   on the first floor   on a map   on a menu   on a list
  • Например:
  • In Britain we drive on the left-hand side.
  • Our flat is on the second floor of the building.
  • Here's a shopping list. Don't buy anything that's not on the list.
  • Have you ever worked on a farm?
  • Мы говорим о месте on a river, on a road, on the coast, on the way:
  • Budapest is on the river Danube.
  • Portsmouth is on the south coast of England.
  • We stopped at a small village on the way to Berlin.
  • Также on the front, on the back of a letter, piece of paper и т.д.:
  • I wrote the date on the back of the photo.

  • Сравните in и at:
There were a lot of people in the shop. It was very crowded. Go along this street, then turn right at the shop.
I'll meet you in the hotel lobby. I'll meet you at the main entrance to the hotel.
  • Сравните in и on:
There is some water in the bottle.
There is a label on the bottle.
  • Сравните at и on:
There is somebody at the door. Shall I go and see who it is?
There is a notice on the door. It says "Do not disturb".