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Past Perfect

Структура Past Perfect

Утверждение подлежащее had (= 'd) past participle
Отрицание подлежащее had not / hadn't past participle
Вопрос Had подлежащее past participle

Использование времени Past Perfect

Past Perfect означает, что какое-то событие произошло до другого события в прошлом. Оно также может указывать, что событие произошло до определенного времени в прошлом.
When we got home yesterday, we found that somebody had stolen our computers.
I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.
Tonya refused to go to the cinema with us because she had already seen the film.
She only understood the movie because she had read the book.
We could not get a hotel room because we had not booked it in advance.

Сравните Past Simple и Past Perfect:

Past Simple Past Perfect
A: Was Tom there when you arrived?
B: Yes, but he left soon afterwards.
A: Was Tom there when you arrived?
B: No, he had already left.
Kate wasn't at home when I phoned.
She was at her mother's house.
Kate had just got home when I phoned. She had been at her mother's house.