Наречие - это слово, используемое для изменения или модифицирования значения прилагательного, глагола, другого наречия, фразы или целого предложения.
В большинстве случаев наречие формируется путем добавления -ly к прилагательному:
friendly lively elderly lonely silly lovely
Основное отличие между прилагательными и наречиями состоит в том, что прилагательные говорят нам о существительном, в то время как наречия говорят нам о том, как кто-то что-то сделал или как что-то произошло. Сравните:
|She speaks perfect Spanish.
|She speaks Spanish perfectly.
|His behavior is bad.
|He behaved very badly.
|Happy New Year!
|Happily, we got our visas in time.
|Tom is a careful driver.
|Tom drove carefully along the narrow road.
It's a reasonably cheap restaurant and the food is extremely good.
I'm terribly sorry. I didn't mean to push you.
Maria learns languages incredibly quickly.
The examination was surprisingly easy.
Two people were seriously injured in the accident.
The meeting was very badly organised.
|Your English is good.
|You speak English well.
|Susan is a good pianist.
|Susan plays the piano well.
well-dressed well-known well-educated well-paid
"How are you today?" "I'm very well, thanks."
Darren is a very fast runner.
Kate is a hard worker.
I was late.
Darren can run very fast.
Kate works hard.
I got up late this morning.
Have you seen Tom lately?
Sarah wasn't very friendly at the party. She hardly spoke to me.
We've only met once or twice. We hardly know each other.
He tried hard to find a job, but he had no luck.
I'm not surprised he didn't find a job. He hardly tried to find one.
"How much money have we got?" "Hardly any."
These two cameras are very similar. There's hardly any difference between them.
The exam results were very bad. Hardly anybody in our class passed.
Your writing is terrible. I can hardly read it.
My leg was hurting me. I could hardly walk.
I'm nearly always at home in the evenings. I hardly ever go out.
It's hardly surprising that you're tired. You haven't slept for three days.
Yes, you did it, but it's hardly a half of success.