guide.php Английская грамматика | have got и have

Have got и Have


Мы используем have got или have для выражения принадлежности, отношений, болезни и т.д. В Present Simple нет различия в значении:

They've got a new car. или They have a new car.
Lisa's got two brothers. или Lisa has two brothers.
I've got a headache. или I have a headache.
Our house has got a small garden. или Our house has a small garden
He's got a few problems. или He has a few problems.

Здесь мы не можем использовать форму continuous.

Для прошедшего времени мы используем had (без got):
Lisa had long hair when she was a child.
The driver had an expired license when the police stopped him.
When I was rich, I had a good car.

В вопросах и отрицаниях возможны три формы:
Have you got any questions?
Do you have any questions?
Have you any questions? (используется реже)
I haven't got any questions.
I don't have any questions.
I haven't any questions (используется реже)
Has she got a car?
Does she have a car?
Has she a car? (используется реже)
She hasn't got a car.
She doesn't have a car.
She hasn't a car. (используется реже)

В вопросах и отрицаниях в прошедшем времени мы используем did / didn't:
Did you have a car when you were living in Moscow?
I didn't have a watch, so I didn't know the time.
Lisa had long hair, didn't she?

Мы используем исключительно have во многих ситуациях:
Have breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / something to eat etc.
a holiday / a shower / a good time / a break / a rest / a party / a bath
an accident / an experience / a dream
a look (at something)
a chat / a conversation / a discussion (with somebody)
difficulty / trouble / fun / a bad time etc.
a baby (= give birth to a baby)
Нельзя ставить have got в этих выражениях. Например:
Sometimes I have a sandwich for my lunch. Вы не можете сказать I've got но вы можете сказать:
I've got sandwiches. Would you like one?
Вы можете использовать форму continuous в следующих выражениях:
We're enjoying our holiday. We're having a great time.
Mike is having a shower at the moment. He has a shower every day.
В вопросах и отрицательных предложениях мы обязаны использовать вспомогательные глаголы do / does / did:
I don't usually have a big breakfast.
What time does Jenny have lunch?
Did you have difficulty finding a job in Amsterdam?