guide.php Английская грамматика | Прилагательное перед инфинитивом

Прилагательное перед инфинитивом

Многие прилагательные можно поставить перед инфинитивом.

Вы можете употребить такие прилагательные, как difficult, easy, hard, impossible, dangerous, safe, cheap, nice, good, interesting, exciting и т.д. чтобы охарактеризовать действие:
Do you think it is possible to use this connector one more time?
It's interesting to talk to smart people.
It would seem awkward to call her again.
Структура может быть различной. Например:
It was difficult to answer the question.
The question was difficult to answer.
It was a difficult question to answer.
It was a difficult for me to answer the question.
It was too difficult for me to answer the question.

Мы используем interested to ... чтобы выразить чью-либо заинтересованность в некотором действииon:
I was interested to hear what she said.
It would be interested to know what he thinks.

Прилагательные наподобиие glad, pleased, surprised, happy, anxious, shocked выражают реакцию людей и их чувства:
I was surprised to get her letter.
She was anxious to go home.
I'm glad to see you.
She was really sad to leave.
My parents were shocked to discover the truth.
Afraid to do something означает не хочу делать этого потому-что это опасно или результат может быть нежелательным:
She was afraid to tell her husband what had happened.

C прилагательными nice, kind, clever, sensible, mean, silly, stupid, careless, unfair и т.д. вы можете использовать структуру: It's + прилагательное + of (somebody) + инфинитив:
It was silly of Mary to give up her job when she needs the money.
It's nice of you to help me.
I think it was unfair of her to distort my words.

Мы употребляем такиие прилагательные, как sorry, surprised, happy, glad, pleased, sad, disappointed, surprised, amazed, astonished, relieved чтобы сказать как кто-то реагиирует на что-то:
You were lucky to have such an opportunity.
He was ashamed to speak to her again.
I was sorry to hear that your cat died.
We were delighted to be invited to the wedding.

Вы можете использовать инфинитив после the first, the last, the next, the only, the second и т.д.:
If I have any more news, you will be the first to know.
The next train to depart for London will be at 14.10.
I was the only client to live in the hostel.

Вы можете также употребить прилагательные sure, certain, likely чтобы выразить степень убежденности в чем-то:
Carla is a very good student. She's sure to pass the exam.
I'm likely to be late home this evening.